Being a mammal, bats are clean, shy and intelligent. They are found in almost every worldwide habitat. Classified in the Chiroptera family, which explains their appearance, “Chiro” meaning hand, and “pteron” meaning wing. Their wings are not actually wings. The number and arrangement of bones in a bats ‘wings’ are the same as those of a human arm and hand, except that their ‘finger bones’ are greatly elongated and connected with a double membrane of skin that forms the ‘wing’.
Bats are divided into two suborders: megabats and echolocating microbats. Megabats are mostly fruit-eating bats and tend to be the larger of the two suborders. Megabats are usually found in tropical and subtropical areas. They do not use echolocating, but rely heavily on their keen sense of sight and smell to navigate and located food. They are strictly vegetarian. These amazing creatures range anywhere from 2.4 inches up to a wingspan of 5.6 feet.
Echolocating microbats use echolocating, or bio sonar to locate and identify objects. Basically, they emit calls out to the environment and then listen to the echoes of the calls to located things around them. Microbats feed mostly on insects, although, some of the larger species of microbats hunt birds, frogs, lizards and fish. Their size ranges anywhere from 4 to 16 centimeters long.